The Haworth family

In 1804 Mary Haworth married Henry Gibson in Great Harwood, Lancashire. One of their sons became a successful merchant in Brazil and his story has been examined elsewhere. This document tries to reconstruct Mary's family as it contains interesting parallels and may hold the key to why Henry Gibson went to Brazil. The work was a result of a collaboration between Bob Calvert and Sonia Spencer, both of whom had been researching the Gibson family.

Mary Haworth

From census records we know Mary was born in "Newchurch" about 1782. Unfortunately there are two possible "Newchurches" - Newchurch-in-Pendle and Newchurch-in-Rossendale.

The clue to resolving Mary's parentage came with the 1861 census for her daughter - Alice Gibson. In 1861 Alice was living in the house of her, by then, deceased parents, Henry and Mary Gibson. Also present in the house was an uncle named Adam Haworth. In 1861 Alice died and her younger sister, Margaret took on the house.

Adam Haworth

In 1861 as mentioned Adam was living in Accrington, based on his age he would have been born ~1797 at "Newchurch" and his profession is given as a Minister of the New Jerusalem Church.

In 1871 Alice had died but Margaret was still living at the same house and Adam was still living with her. His place/date of birth are unchanged but his profession is now shown as "linguist".

The only similar Adam Haworth in the 1851 census is boarding at Stock Street in Manchester with George and Betty Lee who are running a Boarding House. Adam's profession is shown as Retired Foreign Merchant.

Clearly Adam was an interesting character.

The information about the New Jerusalem Church, which is a non-conformist church following the principles of Emmanuel Swedenborg proved to be a breakthrough. The New Jerusalem Church is still in existence and is known simply as "The New Church" (unrelated to Newchurch where Adam was born) and has a website which documents its history. ( On it is a copy of the book - New Church Worthies by the Rev. Dr Jonathan Brayley (1844). Chapter IX is devoted to MR. GEORGE HAWORTH, And the Accrington Society. Three paragraphs in this chapter touch on George and Adam Haworth.

  1. In 1801, Mr. George Haworth, the brother of Mr. Adam Haworth, more recently and widely known, who had been living away from Accrington, but whose father had kept a school in that small town, returned and took the school on the death of his father. The young man, by trade a printer and bookbinder, was of a vigorous mind, fond of investigation, who by reading the works of such writers as Volney, Voltaire, and Paine, had landed in the desert of deism.
  2. About this time Mr. Adam Haworth, brother of their former leader, Mr. George Haworth, returned from Valparaiso, South America, where he had realised a respectable fortune as agent for a great calico-printing house, and though he had been many years away from the church, his early attachment to it revived on coming to England, and especially on returning to his native town; and he gave himself so devotedly to spiritual things that he began to speak freely, and he was invited to become their leader. He passed four useful years among them, and was extremely serviceable both in the pulpit and in private life. His health, however, required change, he thought, and he went for a time to reside in Paisley, then in Jersey, having strongly united with the Society he was leaving to request the present writer to give himself to the ministry in that Society, which he did in 1835.
  3. Mr.(George) Haworth, whose health had long been feeble, became seriously ill, and at length he departed this life, in 1823, at the early age of 48, the Society kept well together.

The first establishes a link between George and Adam Haworth, and shows that their father had been a school teacher and had died about 1801. The third allows us to calculate that George would have been born ~1775.

The second paragraph shows that Adam, the retired foreign merchant of the 1851 census was indeed our Adam.

What was immediately obvious was the 22 year age gap between Adam and George.

A search of baptism records showed that an Adam Haworth was baptised at St Nicholas Church, Newchurch-in-Rossendale on 1 Jan 1797, the son of James and Ann Haworth. A number of other baptisms were also recorded at the same church to James and Ann Haworth, including one for Mary Haworth on 2 June 1782 a date and location that alligned with what we knew about Mary Howarth, wife of Henry Gibson.

Adam died on 1 June 1871 and left a will, however the will had been written in 1839 before a voyage to Malta. It was clearly written in anticipation of his being lost at sea and was never revised. By 1871 his named Executors had died so it fell to Margaret Gibson, his niece to obtain administration of the estate which she did in May 1872. She hadn't wound up the estate when she died in 1874 and it fell to her executors to obtain a second administration in 1877.

Adam's business interests:

Once it was established that Adam was a "man of business" a search of company records showed a number which looked promising.

London Gazette :

Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore carried on at Pernambucco, in South America, under the firm of Heyworths and Company, was this day dissolved, so far as regards the undersigned, Adam Haworth, who retires from the same.—Dated the llth day of December 1824.
John Heyworth.
Ormerod Heyworth.
James Heyworth. :
Lawce. Heyworth.
Adam Haworth.

Is one of these, but others also show Adam associated with Heyworths and Company.

The Heyworth brothers, previously trading as Peter Heyworth & Sons, had been Woollen Manufacturers at Bacup until 1814. (London Gazette), they then expanded their operations. The following internet posting gives an overview of the company's business :

The Liverpool firm, Ormerod Heyworth & Co. (est. 1809) owned by the brothers Lawrence (1786 - ) and Ormerod Heyworth, had by 1810 established branches in Rio, Bahia, Pernambuco, Buenos Aires, Lima, Montevideo, Valparaiso, Oporto and Hamburg. Lawrence and James had begun by setting up a commission house in Rio de Janeiro in 1809. Ormerod and James ran the Liverpool side and Lawrence domiciled in Rio de Janeiro (1809-1816). Lawrence Heyworth returned to Britain in 1816. John, James and Ormerod Heyworth were active in Bahia during the 1820’s. The enterprise of Ormerod Heyworth, Phipps & Co. would become an important coffee brokerage in Rio by the 1840’s.

An extensive biography of Lawrence Heyworth, including his early trips to Lisbon and Oporto can be found in Thomas Newbigging's History of the Forest of Rossendale published in 1893, a copy of which is available at . This confirms (and may be the source of) the information in the above Internet posting regarding Heyworth Bros.

Adam's Travels

After he had retired from business his efforts seem mainly concerned with the New Jerusalem Church - there are a number of references to him in:Annals of the New Church by Carl Theophilus Odhner. (1904).

In 1831 :

Great Britain. Accrington.--Rev. D. G. Goyder having removed to Hull, Mr. Adam Haworth becomes the leader of this growing society.

In 1837 :

Mr. Adam Haworth, of Accrington, visits M. Le Boys des Guays at Saint Arnaud.(France)

In 1839 he wrote a Will before a Journey to the Island of Malta.

In 1842 he was on an extended visit to America and was in Cincinnati, Ohio

St Nicholas Church - Newchurch-in-Rossendale

Examining the parish records gave 16 children born to a James and Ann Haworth between 1764 and 1804 - a timeframe which would include both George and Adam with some leeway at either end. The pattern that emerged showed that all of these could not be the same family as dates overlapped. Examining the "Abode " gave a strong possibility of one family commencing in 1780 with Ann Haworth and ending with Adam in 1797 - the Abodes were shown either as "Newchurch" or "Bridleway" (the name of a road near the centre of Newchurch). As Kershaw's School ( a grammar-school built and endowed in 1711, by Mr. John Kershaw) was located on Bridleway. The connection with a schoolteacher was significant. The problem here was that there was no George and the family commenced in 1780, five years after his birth.

George Haworth

Because George had died in 1823 there was no census record from which we could discover his place of birth. We could, however discover where he was buried from parish records and located a George Haworth of Accrington aged 47 buried at St Bartholomews Church, Great Harwood on 2 August 1823.

So why would he be buried in Great Harwood - obviously the family were connected with the town and by looking through the parish records for St Bartholomews we found a baptism - 19 May 1776 - George, son of James Haworth, Schoolteacher, Whalley - this was the missing brother for Adam and Mary.

St Bartholomews Church, Great Harwood.

St Bartholomews was where Mary Haworth married Henry Gibson so the family connection with the town was becoming clearer. The records were examined in more detail and another birth was discovered there - 3 March 1778 John, son of James Haworth, Schoolmaster, Whalley

Working backwards from George the most likely marriage for their parents was that which is simply recorded as Sept 3 1775 - James Haworrth & Ann Dugdale both of Harwood

Over the years it has been noted that many people are buried in the Church here who died quite a distance away - it was clearly understood that this was their "family" church and they should return there for burial. The presence of a burial for someone who died elsewhere can usually be traced to a family connection with the town.

James Haworth and Ann Dugdale

We were now able to reconstruct a credible family :

James and Ann married in 1775.

George Haworth, born 1776 in Whalley, died Accrington 1823, buried Gt Harwood.

John Haworth, born 1778 in Whalley, died Walmesley Chapel (near Bolton) 1799, buried Gt Harwood

Ann Haworth, born 1780 in Newchurch., married Thomas Whitaker in 1809, Accrington. They lived in North Manchester and Ann died there in 1843 of "Mortification of the Foot", she was buried at St James, Accrington. Margaret Whitaker, one of her daughters, was also buried at Christ Church in a grave owned by Adam Haworth.

Mary Haworth, born 1782 in Newchurch, married Henry Gibson 1804 Great Harwood, Died Accrington 1855 buried at Christ Church, Accrington.

James Haworth, born 1784 in Newchurch to date no marriage or burial has been identified.

Elizabeth Haworth, born 1789 in Newchurch, died 1796 in Newchurch, buried Gt Harwood.

Alice Haworth, born 1791 in Newchurch, died 1802 in Accrington, buried Gt Harwood.

Charles Haworth, born and died 1794 in Newchurch, buried Gt Harwood.

Adam Haworth, born 1797 in Newchurch, died 1871 in Accrington and Buried there at Christ Church.

James Haworth

From burials at St Bartholomews and using the statement in New Church Worthies regarding the death of George's father it appears James was buried, again in Great Harwood, 14 November 1800 - James Haworth from Accrington, age 49 giving a date of birth around 1751. So he was likely to be the one baptised - 4 Mar 1752 - James, son of George Howwarth, Lowertown, York Carrier. 1 George, the York Carrier died soon after the birth of James, his burial being recorded at Gt Harwood as 22 Apr 1759 -George Howworth from Rishton, York Carrier. It is possible that this is not the same George - there were other Haworths also in the Carrier trade in the area at the same time however and the George who died in 1759 was a Rishton man rather than Lowertown, the Abode for other George Howwarth (York) Carrier entries in the Parish records.

It is interesting to speculate on how James whose father died when he was only seven years old became a school teacher at Whalley (presumably the Grammar School) and later at what appears to be Kershaw's school in Newchurch.

Ann Dugdale

There is a burial in Great Harwood :Ann Haworth of Accrington 28/2/1823 aged 72 which is likely to be the wife of James. Her age at death would have given a date of birth around 1751, very close to that of her husband James Haworth. On 8 July 1750 a baptism is recorded at St Bartholomews - Ann, daughter of John Dugdale, Lower Town, Shoemaker, however she died in 1751 and another Ann Dugdale was born to John in 1753. One of eleven children she had a younger sister, Charlotte who married James Sykes at Accrington Baptist Church in 1791. Charlotte and James had a son, Samuel Sykes who is named in the Will of Adam Haworth as his "cousin".


Although early indications were that Mary and her family were from the Rossendale area it emerges that their roots are more firmly in Great Harwood. Adam Howarth was probably an influence on Henry Gibson who later followed his uncle's footsteps to Pernambuco.

(c) Bob Calvert 2012

1York, as well as being a County and City in England, is the name of a village between Great Harwood and Whalley. George would have operated a horse and cart for hire between the two places carrying goods .